The Hoops travelled to the Greek capital with the third qualifying round tie evenly poised at 1-1 from the first leg, but found themselves two goals down after 50 minutes.
"He's a player that we would've loved to have been here with us", said Rodgers.
And while this left Celtic short for their vital Champions League qualifier against AEK Athens, the Northern Irishman has made a major statement.
Within six minutes his side were trailing to a Rodrigo Galo strike and it looked a forlorn task when Croatian striker Marko Livaja headed in a second five minutes after the break.
'Unfortunately, I could not play because I'm not yet 100 per cent operational, ' the 27-year-old said on Instagram.
NASA is about to launch the fastest manmade object ever
This same element is found on the nose of space shuttles, to protect them when they enter or leave the Earth's atmosphere. There is also a white light imager, taking pictures of what the spacecraft is about to "plow through", said Fox.
"I still felt this was a game in which we had more than enough to win but you have to defend better than we did".
"We gave ourselves a chance and threw everything at it".
Glasgow Celtic suffered their first domestic defeat of the 2018-19 season on Saturday, with the Scottish champions going down 1-0 to Hearts at Tynecastle.
"It would've been great to have had him here but he's not", added Rodgers.
Celtic will next face either Latvians Spartaks Jurmala or Lithuanian outfit Suduva for a place in the Europa League group stage.
The 70,000-capacity stadium was only around half-full but the home fans roared when Niklas Hult, at the second attempt, got his cross pass fellow Swedish defender Mikael Lustig to Brazilian midfielder Galo, who swept it past keeper Craig Gordon from 12 yards.